Grey Spotted Amanita - Amanita excelsa
Fruits Summer to Autumn
Grows in woodland with deciduous and coniferous trees
Can be found as individual fruits or in small groups
Mid smell of raddish
Cap pale grey-brown to dark brown
Dirty grey volval remnants remain on the cap but easily washed away
Cap starts off dome-shaped and flattens with width of 8 - 15cm
Sturdy white stem up to 12cm and 1.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter
Has a ring with striations on its upper surface
Stem has a swollen base
Stem is smooth or grooved above the ring and scaly below
Volval sac remnants at base of stem only visible in very young specimens
Flesh is white
The crowded and adnexed gills are white
Spore print is white
Grey Spotted Amanita- Amanita excelsa
Edible mushroom - advanced
Other common names: Grey Warted Amanita, False Panther Cap
Scientific name meaning: Amanita originates from the Greek Amanitai, which is though to mean "of the Amanus", which is a range of mountains in Turkey. Excelsa is from the Latin Excelcus and means tall or elevated
Season - when will I find it? From Summer to Autumn
Habitat - where will I find it? The Grey Spotted Amanita grows in association with deciduous and coniferous trees
Description - what does it look like?
Growth: The Grey Spotted Amanita is a mycorrhizal fungi growing in association with different trees. fruits are often found individually, but can also be found in small groups
It begins growing in an egg-like sac called a volva, or universal veil
Cap: The caps of the Grey Spotted Amanita range from a pale grey-brown colour to dark brown. They can reach between 8cm and 15cm, are domed at first and eventually flatten out.
Grey patchy fragments of the veil/volva remain on the cap, though these can be easily washed away or wiped off.
Gills: The white gills are crowded and adnexed (narrowly attached at the top of them stem)
Stem: Sturdy and white in colour, the stem can reach 8 to 12cm tall, and is 1.5 - 2.5cm wide. It has a stem ring, or skirt, which has striated grooves on the upper surface.
The stem surface above the ring often has striated grooves, although it can also be smooth. Below the ring, the stem surface is scaly.
Only very young specimens has visible volval remains at the base of the stem. Instead, the base of the stem appears swollen
Smell: Mildly of raddish
Spore colour: White
Possible lookalikes Could be confused with the deadly poisonous Panther Cap (Amanita pantherina), but the veil remnants are bright white and it does not have striations on the skirt/ring. Also, the Blusher (Amanita rubescens), but this bruises pink when damaged
Use as a food Must be thoroughly cooked
Use in herbal medicine None known
If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner
Hazards This mushroom must be cooked thoroughly. It could also easily be confused with poisonous Amanitas
Importance to other species Provides food for a the larvae of a number of fly species. Worth remembering when harvesting. Younger specimens tend to have less livestock inside!
Always stay safe when foraging. You need to be 100% sure of your identification, 100% sure that your foraged item is edible, and 100% sure that you are not allergic to it (it is good practice to always try a small amount of any new food you are consuming). If in doubt, leave it out!