False Deathcap - Amanita citrina
Fruits in Autumn
Grows in woodland with deciduous and coniferous trees
Can be found as individual fruits or in small groups
Smells of raw potato
Cap white with lemon tinge
Volval remnants remains on the cap are white and turn dirty-white with age
Cap starts off dome-shaped and flattens with width of 5-0cm
Sturdy white stem with lemon tinge 5-8cm tall and and 1-2cm in diameter
Has a ring
Volval at base of stem is bulbous and has a gutter
The crowded white gills are free
Spore print is white
False Deathcap - Amanita citrina
Inedible/poisonous mushroom - advanced identification
Other common names: Citron Amanita
Scientific name meaning: Amanita originates from the Greek Amanitai, which is though to mean "of the Amanus", which is a range of mountains in Turkey. Citrina is from Modern Latin Citrinus, meaning lemon-coloured
Season - when will I find it? Autumn
Habitat - where will I find it? The False Deathcap grows in association with deciduous and coniferous trees, often favouring slightly alkaline or neutral soil
Description - what does it look like?
Growth: The False Deathcap is a mycorrhizal fungi growing in association with different trees. fruits are often found individually, but can also be found in small groups.
It begins growing in an egg-like sac called a volva, or universal veil
Cap: The caps of the |False Deatcap is white tinged with lemon-yellow. There is also a pure white variant (var. alba). They can reach between 5cm and 10cm wide, and are domed at first and eventually flatten out.
Bright-white fragments of the veil/volva remain on the cap, turning dirty-white with age. However, these can be washed away in heavy rain.
Gills: The white gills are crowded and free of the stem
Stem: Sturdy and white with a lemon tinge, the stem can reach 5 to 8cm tall, and is 0.5-1.5cm wide. It has a stem ring, or skirt, that usually persists.
The volval remains as a swollen bulb with a gutter at the base of the stem
Smell: Raw potato
Spore colour: White
Possible lookalikes Could be confused with the deadly poisonous Deathcap (Amanita phalloides), but its veil remnants often don't remain on the cap, the cap is oliveaceous in colour, it has a sickly sweet smell and a bag-like volva. The white variant could be confused with the white variant of the Deathcap, and also the Destroying Angel (Amanita virosa). The latter has no distrinct smells, a bag-like volva and a fragile high-up veil. The Destroying Angel and Deathcap are deadly poisonous
Use as a food Although some sources class this mushroom as edible, other class it as inedible or even mildly toxic. This conflicting information, combined with its similarity to deadly poisonous Amanitas mean it should stay off the menu
Use in herbal medicine None known
If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner
Hazards This mushroom is classed as inedible or possibly mildly poisonous
Importance to other species Provides food for a the larvae of a number of fly species, slugs, snails and some mammals
Always stay safe when foraging. You need to be 100% sure of your identification, 100% sure that your foraged item is edible, and 100% sure that you are not allergic to it (it is good practice to always try a small amount of any new food you are consuming). If in doubt, leave it out!