Rose - Rosa spp
A shrub that is found wild in woodland, hedgerows, and on waste ground
Rose is also heavily cultivated and highly-prized
Pinnate leaves with two to four pairs of serrated oval leaflets and one serrated oval terminal leaflet
Upright stems or long/scrambling branches with substantial prickles
Flowers are usually in white, pink, red, orange, yellow or purple colour tones
Can have five petals to many layered petals
The fruits, hips, are glossy and most often orange to red in colour
Rose - Rosa spp
Edible plant - novice
Other common names: Dog Rose, Japanese Rose, Tea Rose, Fragrant Rose, Climbing Rose, Rambling Rose, Sweet Briar, Field Rose, Hedge Rose, Bramble, Wild Rose, Downy Rose, Standard Rose
Scientific name meaning: Rosa is the Latin name for the Rose genus
Season Summer - Autumn
Habitat - where will I find it? Rose grows wild in hedgerows, on waste ground, in gardens, parks, and woodland edges. It is also a highly-prized ornamental
Description - what does it look like? Rose can have long scrambling or climbing branches, or erect stems. The shrubs can reach from 50cm to several metres tall. They are usually covered in substantial prickles.
The leaves have a pinnate formation, usually with two to four pairs of oval, serrated-edged leaflets and one oval, serrated-edged terminal leaflet.
The flowers have from five neatly arranged petals, to many overlapping petals, depending on the species and variety. Petals are usually in white, yellow, orange, pink, red, and purple colour tones.
The fruit, or hips, that follow are glossy skinned and orange to red in colour. However, some species have very dark almost black-looking hips.
Use as a food The petals can be used to make jams, jellies, cordials, wine, syrup, fruit leather, spices and chutneys. The stronger smelling the flower, the more taste it will yield from its petals.
The fruits can be used to make jam, syrup, wine and jelly - see Hazards.
Use in herbal medicine Has been used to treat menstrual complaints, respiratory conditions, and some species are being researched for their use against cancerous tumours
If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner
Other uses Popular as a cut flower
Hazards Some species are thought to have laxative properties. The hips contain seeds that are covered in tiny hairs that irritate the mouth and digestive tract, as well as the skin. Care must be taken to remove these when preparing hips for food
Importance to other species Provides an important food source for pollinators, particularly bees, and aphids. The aphids, in turn, are a food source for small birds
Always stay safe when foraging. You need to be 100% sure of your identification, 100% sure that your foraged item is edible, and 100% sure that you are not allergic to it (it is good practice to always try a small amount of any new food you are consuming). If in doubt, leave it out!